HOWTO: Building Perl Module DBD::Sybase 1.15 for ActiveState Perl (Windows 32bit) 5.16.3 using the MinGW compiler

We no longer are tied to using Microsoft’s SAP SybaseVisual C++ compiler for building Michael Peppler’s Perl Module DBD::Sybase 1.15 for ActiveState Perl (Windows 32bit)!

We need to make a few changes to SAP Sybase’s Openclient though. Don’t worry, the changes are only needed to build the module. I used Sybase Openclient 15.7 ESD 7 but you should be able to use any 15.7 version of Openclient with minimal changes.

%SYBASE%\%SYBASE_OCS%\include\csconfig.h differences:

$ diff csconfig.h.old csconfig.h
> /* Load MinGW specific definitions */
> #if defined(__MINGW32__)
> #include "_mingw.h"
> #endif /* __MINGW32__ */
< #if ((SYB_MSC_VER >= 800)  || defined(__BORLANDC__))
> #if ((SYB_MSC_VER >= 800)  || defined(__BORLANDC__)) || defined(__MINGW32__)
< #else /* ((SYB_MSC_VER >= 800) || defined(__BORLANDC__)) */
> #else /* ((SYB_MSC_VER >= 800) || defined(__BORLANDC__)) || defined(__MINGW32__) */
< #endif /* ((SYB_MSC_VER >= 800) || defined(__BORLANDC__)) */
> #endif /* ((SYB_MSC_VER >= 800) || defined(__BORLANDC__)) || defined(__MINGW32__) */

%SYBASE%\%SYBASE_OCS%\include\sybfront.h differences:

$ diff sybfront.h.old sybfront.h
< #if !defined(_MSC_VER) && !defined(__BORLANDC__)
> #if !defined(_MSC_VER) && !defined(__BORLANDC__) && !defined(__MINGW32__)
< #if !defined(_MSC_VER) && !defined(__BORLANDC__)
> #if !defined(_MSC_VER) && !defined(__BORLANDC__) && !defined(__MINGW32__)


We now need to copy the *.lib files in %SYBASE%\%SYBASE_OCS%\lib appending “.a” in place of the “.lib” suffix:

Don’t you perlthink SAP Sybase should add the changes above to OpenClient? I think so. Let your SAP Representative know!

Now we’re ready to build the module!

U:\build\DBD-Sybase-1.15>perl Makefile.PL
Set up gcc environment - 3.4.5 (mingw-vista special r3)
Sybase OpenClient 15.7 found.

By default DBD::Sybase 1.05 and later use the 'CHAINED' mode (where available)
when 'AutoCommit' is turned off. Versions 1.04 and older instead managed
the transactions explicitly with a 'BEGIN TRAN' before the first DML
statement. Using the 'CHAINED' mode is preferable as it is the way that
Sybase implements AutoCommit handling for both its ODBC and JDBC drivers.

Use 'CHAINED' mode by default (Y/N) [Y]:

The DBD::Sybase module need access to a Sybase server to run the tests.
To clear an entry please enter 'undef'
Sybase server to use (default: SYBASE): test_svr
User ID to log in to Sybase (default: sa):
Password (default: undef):
Sybase database to use on sd02 (default: undef): tempdb

* Writing login information, including password, to file PWD.

Checking if your kit is complete...
Looks good
Warning (mostly harmless): No library found for -llibsybtcl.lib
Warning (mostly harmless): No library found for -llibsybcomn.lib
Warning (mostly harmless): No library found for -llibsybintl.lib
Multiple copies of Driver.xst found in: C:/Perl/site/lib/auto/DBI/ C:/Perl/lib/auto/DBI/ at Makefile.PL line 80.
Using DBI 1.63 (for perl 5.016003 on MSWin32-x86-multi-thread) installed in C:/Perl/site/lib/auto/DBI/
Generating a dmake-style Makefile
Writing Makefile for DBD::Sybase
Writing MYMETA.yml and MYMETA.json

So far so good, so let’s continue with compiling and building the module:

dmake.exe:  makefile:  line 454:  Warning: -- Macro `BOOTSTRAP' redefined after use
cp dbd-sybase.pod blib\lib\DBD\dbd-sybase.pod
cp blib\lib\DBD\
C:\Perl\bin\perl.exe -p -e "s/~DRIVER~/Sybase/g" C:\Perl\site\lib\auto\DBI\Driver.xst > Sybase.xsi
C:\Perl\bin\perl.exe C:\Perl\site\lib\ExtUtils\xsubpp  -typemap C:\Perl\lib\ExtUtils\typemap  Sybase.xs > Sybase.xsc && C:\Perl\bin\perl.exe -MExtUtil
s::Command -e mv -- Sybase.xsc Sybase.c
C:\Perl\site\bin\gcc.exe -c  -IC:\Sybase/OCS-15_0/include -IC:/Perl/site/lib/auto/DBI   -DNDEBUG -DWIN32 -D_CONSOLE -DNO_STRICT -DPERL_TEXTMODE_SCRIPT
-O2       -DVERSION=\"1.15\"    -DXS_VERSION=\"1.15\"  "-IC:\Perl\lib\CORE"   Sybase.c
C:\Perl\site\bin\gcc.exe -c  -IC:\Sybase/OCS-15_0/include -IC:/Perl/site/lib/auto/DBI   -DNDEBUG -DWIN32 -D_CONSOLE -DNO_STRICT -DPERL_TEXTMODE_SCRIPT
-O2       -DVERSION=\"1.15\"    -DXS_VERSION=\"1.15\"  "-IC:\Perl\lib\CORE"   dbdimp.c
dbdimp.c: In function `syb_st_execute':
dbdimp.c:3906: warning: passing arg 2 of `ct_results' from incompatible pointer type
dbdimp.c:3930: warning: passing arg 5 of `ct_bind' from incompatible pointer type
Running Mkbootstrap for DBD::Sybase ()
C:\Perl\bin\perl.exe -MExtUtils::Command -e chmod -- 644
C:\Perl\bin\perl.exe -MExtUtils::Mksymlists \
     -e "Mksymlists('NAME'=>\"DBD::Sybase\", 'DLBASE' => 'Sybase', 'DL_FUNCS' => {  }, 'FUNCLIST' => [], 'IMPORTS' => {  }, 'DL_VARS' => []);"
Set up gcc environment - 3.4.5 (mingw-vista special r3)
C:\Perl\site\bin\dlltool.exe --def Sybase.def --output-exp dll.exp
C:\Perl\site\bin\g++.exe -o blib\arch\auto\DBD\Sybase\Sybase.dll -Wl,--base-file -Wl,dll.base -LC:\Sybase/OCS-15_0/lib -mdll -L"C:\Perl\lib\CORE" Syba
se.o    dbdimp.o   C:\Perl\lib\CORE\perl516.lib C:\Sybase\OCS-15_0\lib\libsybct.lib C:\Sybase\OCS-15_0\lib\libsybcs.lib C:\Sybase\OCS-15_0\lib\libsybb
lk.lib C:\Perl\site\lib\auto\MinGW\lib\libm.a C:\Perl\site\lib\auto\MinGW\lib\libkernel32.a C:\Perl\site\lib\auto\MinGW\lib\libuser32.a C:\Perl\site\l
ib\auto\MinGW\lib\libgdi32.a C:\Perl\site\lib\auto\MinGW\lib\libwinspool.a C:\Perl\site\lib\auto\MinGW\lib\libcomdlg32.a C:\Perl\site\lib\auto\MinGW\l
ib\libadvapi32.a C:\Perl\site\lib\auto\MinGW\lib\libshell32.a C:\Perl\site\lib\auto\MinGW\lib\libole32.a C:\Perl\site\lib\auto\MinGW\lib\liboleaut32.a
 C:\Perl\site\lib\auto\MinGW\lib\libnetapi32.a C:\Perl\site\lib\auto\MinGW\lib\libuuid.a C:\Perl\site\lib\auto\MinGW\lib\libws2_32.a C:\Perl\site\lib\
auto\MinGW\lib\libmpr.a C:\Perl\site\lib\auto\MinGW\lib\libwinmm.a C:\Perl\site\lib\auto\MinGW\lib\libversion.a C:\Perl\site\lib\auto\MinGW\lib\libodb
c32.a C:\Perl\site\lib\auto\MinGW\lib\libodbccp32.a C:\Perl\site\lib\auto\MinGW\lib\libcomctl32.a C:\Perl\site\lib\auto\MinGW\lib\libmsvcrt.a dll.exp
C:\Perl\site\bin\dlltool.exe --def Sybase.def --base-file dll.base --output-exp dll.exp
C:\Perl\site\bin\g++.exe -o blib\arch\auto\DBD\Sybase\Sybase.dll -LC:\Sybase/OCS-15_0/lib -mdll -L"C:\Perl\lib\CORE" Sybase.o   dbdimp.o   C:\Perl\lib
\CORE\perl516.lib C:\Sybase\OCS-15_0\lib\libsybct.lib C:\Sybase\OCS-15_0\lib\libsybcs.lib C:\Sybase\OCS-15_0\lib\libsybblk.lib C:\Perl\site\lib\auto\M
inGW\lib\libm.a C:\Perl\site\lib\auto\MinGW\lib\libkernel32.a C:\Perl\site\lib\auto\MinGW\lib\libuser32.a C:\Perl\site\lib\auto\MinGW\lib\libgdi32.a C
:\Perl\site\lib\auto\MinGW\lib\libwinspool.a C:\Perl\site\lib\auto\MinGW\lib\libcomdlg32.a C:\Perl\site\lib\auto\MinGW\lib\libadvapi32.a C:\Perl\site\
lib\auto\MinGW\lib\libshell32.a C:\Perl\site\lib\auto\MinGW\lib\libole32.a C:\Perl\site\lib\auto\MinGW\lib\liboleaut32.a C:\Perl\site\lib\auto\MinGW\l
ib\libnetapi32.a C:\Perl\site\lib\auto\MinGW\lib\libuuid.a C:\Perl\site\lib\auto\MinGW\lib\libws2_32.a C:\Perl\site\lib\auto\MinGW\lib\libmpr.a C:\Per
l\site\lib\auto\MinGW\lib\libwinmm.a C:\Perl\site\lib\auto\MinGW\lib\libversion.a C:\Perl\site\lib\auto\MinGW\lib\libodbc32.a C:\Perl\site\lib\auto\Mi
nGW\lib\libodbccp32.a C:\Perl\site\lib\auto\MinGW\lib\libcomctl32.a C:\Perl\site\lib\auto\MinGW\lib\libmsvcrt.a dll.exp
C:\Perl\bin\perl.exe -MExtUtils::Command -e chmod -- 755 blib\arch\auto\DBD\Sybase\Sybase.dll

Now, you might be thinking that since it compiled it should be good huh? Nah, we test things here! 😉

U:\build\DBD-Sybase-1.15>dmake test
dmake.exe:  makefile:  line 454:  Warning: -- Macro `BOOTSTRAP' redefined after use
C:\Perl\bin\perl.exe "-MExtUtils::Command::MM" "-MTest::Harness" "-e" "undef *Test::Harness::Switches; test_harness(0, 'blib\lib', 'blib\arch')" t/*.t

t/autocommit.t .. ok
t/base.t ........ ok
t/exec.t ........ ok
t/fail.t ........ ok
t/login.t ....... 1/6 DBD::Sybase::db ping failed: ct_cmd_alloc failed at t/login.t line 32.
t/login.t ....... ok
t/main.t ........ ok
t/multi_sth.t ... ok
t/nsql.t ........ ok
t/place.t ....... ok
t/thread.t ...... skipped: this DBD::Sybase not configured to support iThreads
t/utf8.t ........ ok
t/xblk.t ........ ok
t/xblob.t ....... ok
All tests successful.
Files=13, Tests=242, 17 wallclock secs ( 0.16 usr +  0.22 sys =  0.37 CPU)
Result: PASS

No major issues so we’re ready to build ActiveState’s PPD file and get it ready distribute:

U:\build\DBD-Sybase-1.15>dmake ppd
dmake.exe:  makefile:  line 454:  Warning: -- Macro `BOOTSTRAP' redefined after use

Zip the blib directory and name it “”. Create a new directory named “MSWin32-x86-multi-thread-5.16” and copy the zip file into it.

You need to tell PPM where to find the zip file. The PPD file is simply an XML document, so we can just update the codebase:

<softpkg NAME="DBD-Sybase" VERSION="1.15">
    <abstract>DBI driver for Sybase datasources</abstract>
    <author>Michael Peppler (</author>
        <architecture NAME="MSWin32-x86-multi-thread-5.16"></architecture>
        <codebase HREF="MSWin32-x86-multi-thread-5.16\"></codebase>

Let’s test that it actually installs using ActiveState’s PPM:

U:\build\DBD-Sybase-1.15>ppm install DBD-Sybase.ppd
Unpacking DBD-Sybase-1.15...done
Generating HTML for DBD-Sybase-1.15...done
Updating files in site area...done
   5 files installed


We only need to zip up the PPD and the MSWin32-x86-multi-thread-5.16 directory listed in the PPD. It is now ready to distribute. How you do it is entirely up to you.
DBD-Sybase-1.15 for ActiveState Perl 5.16 Win32

For ActiveState Perl 64bit, you will need to use Microsoft Visual Studio. However, since the support of 64bit Perl on Windows by ActiveState is rather poor, I would recommend using the 32bit version instead.

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